In Photos: This Week in History
Dec. 10, 1901: First ever Nobel Prize ceremony
On this day, the first Nobel Prize ceremony was held in Stockholm, Sweden. The list of winners that year included Wilhelm Röntgen (Physics), Jacobus Henricus van t’Hoff (Chemistry), Sally Prudhomme (Literature) and Frédéric Passy (Peace).
Dec. 10. 1948: UN adopts Human Rights Day
Honoring the United Nations General Assembly’s adoption and proclamation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the day was dedicated by the intergovernmental organization as Human Rights Day.
Don Emmert/AFP/Getty Images
Dec. 10, 1950: First African American receives Nobel Prize
Political scientist and diplomat Ralph Bunche became the first African American to be honored with a Nobel Prize for peace, for his endeavors in resolving the Arab-Israeli conflict in Palestine in the 1940s.
Bettmann/Bettmann Archive/Getty Images
Dec. 11, 1941: Germany and Italy declare war on the US
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini pledged that their respective nations, together with the third Axis power Japan, was at war with the U.S. on this day. Hitler, making his announcement at the Reichstag in Berlin, Germany, revoked the Tripartite Agreement of 1940 and declared war on America under the obligation to defend Japan.